Due to its international nature, the ICC is designed to be “complementary to national criminal jurisdictions,” exercising its own jurisdiction only in specific circumstances. For instance, if a national court is unwilling or unable to prosecute criminals, that case may be referred to the International Criminal Court instead. Similarly, the United Nations Security Council or individual states may choose to refer a specific case to the International Criminal Court. However, the Court may exercise its powers “on the territory of any State Party,” so long as the jurisdiction has been transferred to the court for that particular case. The jurisdiction and functioning of the ICC are laid out in the Rome Statute, a multilateral treaty which member states of the ICC must ratify. There are 124 member states of the International Criminal Court as of 2016.
When the International Criminal Court meets in Hong Kong in 2017, we will consider the case of Joseph Kony. Specifically, the Court will prosecute Joseph Kony for Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes against the people of Uganda from the years of 1986 to 2016. Delegates will work collaboratively and tenaciously to construct cases both for and against Joseph Kony on the basis of those charges. Delegates should be prepared to argue in defense of Joseph Kony, and to prosecute him. Many will play the role of witnesses in this case as well.
The work of the International Criminal Court protects the populations of the world against the oppression of state leaders. Countless lives hang in the balance of the work that the International Criminal Court performs. Delegates are expected to understand and respect the grave importance of this work, and thus to faithfully discharge their duties in January.
We look forward to your diligent preparation, and to your life-saving work at our session at HMC Asia 2017!
Justin Walthier and Savannah Miles
Chairs, International Criminal Court, HMC Asia 2017
Each delegate will submit a one-minute speech for each case; delegates should choose for which side of the debate they decide to write their speech. These will be due on December 30th and should be sent to your committee chairs over email (see below). Delegates should use this opportunity to study the cases and become familiar with the topics at hand in order to prepare for the conference. Committee chairs will provide feedback on these assignments before the conference.